GANRANG PA’BALLE DALAM RITUAL ACCERA’ KALOMPOANG DI KALANGAN BANGSAWAN GOWA - SULAWESI SELATAN

Amir Razak

Abstract


Ganrang Pa‟balle is an ensemble consisting of two pairs of ganrang (drum), a piuk-puik (flute), and a dengkang (gong). This ensemble is usually performed in traditional or ritual ceremonies among Makassar ethnic group. Among the aristocrat group, this music is routinely performed each year in the ritual ceremony to clean Gowa kingdom‟s royal objects, which is usually called upacara accera’ kalompoang. The presentation of Ganrang Pa‟balle has structured patterns of rhythm. The patterns are Tunrung balle sumange’ (to boost the spirit or soul), tunrung rua (two-rhythm stroke), and tunrung pakanjara (pakanjara stroke). The three patterns must be played with a structure in a kalompoang ritual ceremony. Apart from a ritual ensemble, Ganrang Pa‟balle is also considered as a heritage of Gowa kingdom (kalompoang). Non-existence of this music in a ritual ceremony is believed to be a problem in kalompoang. Without the sound of the drum, the ceremony will lose its spirit. In addition to that, it will dishonor the spirit of the late aristocrats which is believed to be residing in every royal objects.  


Keywords


Ganrang; Pa‟balle; Ritual; Accera; Kalompoang

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26887/ekse.v13i1.192

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